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Antimicrobial Activity of Citronella Oil

INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study According to Tzortzakis & Economakis, (2007) and Arshad et al. (2014), essential oils are volatile, complex mixes with have a solid smell...

Effect of Momordica Fruits on Diabetic Complications

Effect of Momordica charantia fruits on Diabetic Complications Introduction   Momordica Charantia (Cucurbitaceae) or Bitter Melon, is a Tropical vegetable, is a common...

Comparison Between Male and Female Homeostasis

The Comparison between male and female and the effects of homeostasis after exercise     Table of Content Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………… Purpose……………………………………………………………………………………………….. Hypothesis…………………………………………………………………………………………… Materials……………………………………………………………………………………………… Variables………………………………………………………………………………………………. Methods……………………………………………………………………………………………….. Introduction Homeostasis is the...

Quantitative Assessment of Fungi and Bacteria in Air

Quantitative Assessment of Fungi and bacteria in air inside Bradford Apartment Abstract The experiment was conducted from the week from 10/26/2014 to 11/02/2014 at the Bradford...

Grapefruit Interactions with Drugs

What is Grapefruit? Grapefruit, a relative newcomer to citrus clan, has a fascinating history. It is a large orange berry with a thick rind. It...

UV Visible Spectrophotometry and Solution Absorption

All molecules absorb light at certain wavelengths.  The absorption of light by a solution may be used to determine the concentration of a solute or...

Urinalysis of Four Urine Samples

Urinalysis Practical Background: As you have learned, the urinary system performs many vital functions in the body including: Regulating blood volume and pressure by regulating water excretion, Regulating...

The Structure of DNA

Genetics is the study of the qualities that are inherited and transmitted to the offspring from the parents during reproduction. Parents pass traits to...

Effect of Electromagnetic Field of Mobile Phones on Ears

Introduction Mobile phones have become indispensable as communication tools in the present world. From 1990 to 2013, worldwide mobile phone subscriptions grew from 12.4 million...

Isolation of Casein from Milk and Powdered Milk

1.1 Introduction (Walsh, 2002) stated that, proteins are biological macromolecules composed of amino acids .proteins consist of one or more polypeptide which are the chain...

Effect of Light Colour on the Rate of Photosynthesis

The effect of Light Colour on the Rate of Photosynthesis To what extent does the colour of light have on the rate of...

Effect of Alcohol & Caffeine Concentration on Daphnia Magna

The Effect of Alcohol and Caffeine Concentrations on Daphnia Magna Abstract The target of this experiment was to study the effects of alcohol and caffeine on...

Quantification of Chicken Egg White Albumin

Standard curve Preparation for Quantification of Chicken Egg white albumin using Bradford assay Quantifying protein concentration is a very significant process for analyzing protein. It...

Pulmonary Hypertension Syndrome in Fast-growing Broilers

This study investigated variations of plasma angiotensin II and gene expression of renin, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R)...

Protein Denaturation of Egg White and Milk: Experiment

Introduction: Proteins are the secondary crucial food components while carbohydrates are primary ones. However, proteins must be denatured their natural structure to be unfolded before...

Principles of Sterilisation in Microbiology

Exercise 1: Moist and dry heat How are microorganisms destroyed by moist heat? By dry heat? Moist: Destroys the structure and organisms by destroying with heat....

Parasite-Induced Changes in Host Behaviour

Parasite-Induced Changes in Host Behaviour: Is it Truly Parasitic Manipulation? Introduction Behavioural changes in the host when infected with a parasite were first observed in 1952,...

Monoclonal Antibodies as a Therapeutic Approach for Cancer

INTRODUCTION Monoclonal anti-body cancer therapy is one of the most suitable therapeutic approach for hematologic malignancies and solid tumours for the past several years. This...

Molecular Genetics of Cancer

MOLECULAR GENETICS OF CANCER 13.1 INTRODUCTION It has been established that cancer is a genetic disease, characterized by interplay of mutant form of the oncogenes and...

Mendel's Genetic Laws

Q1: Deoxyribonucleic acid, more known as DNA, is a genetic material that exists in all living organisms. Within DNA there is a short segment that...

Partial Rate of Diffusion of Potassium Dichromate

ABSTRACT Diffusion is the process where molecules spread into spaces. It was observed that the formation of ammonium chloride was near the hydrochloric acid meaning...

Effect of pH on Percent Oxygen Saturation of Haemaglobin

Abstract The purpose of this lab was to determine the effect of changes in the pH and the partial pressure of oxygen on haemoglobin’s affinity...

Marine Fungi: Glycolipidomics

MARINE FUNGI: GLYCOLIPIDOMICS Introduction Marine fungi are saprophytic or heterotrophic form of filamentous spore forming eukaryote microorganisms are extensively lives in the marine or estuarine ecosystem....

Case Study: Liver Disease

Case study  – Liver Disease Introduction A 60 year old woman with a history of hepatitis B and cirrhosis presents with oedema...

Is Chlorophyll Necessary for Starch Formation?

Part A: Researching and Planning Experiment 1: Is Chlorophyll necessary for starch formation? Finding out what is needed for plant cells to undergo photosynthesis, we...

Osmotic Effect of Different Solutions on Red Blood Cells

ABSTRACT In this lab we wanted to understand the osmotic effect that varying solute concentration has on erythrocytes. Osmosis is the way water molecules pass...

Patterns of Inheritence in Drosophila Melanogaster

The Fruit Flies of Melanogaster ...

Introduction to Toxicology

Introduction to Toxicology: The science of Toxicology consists of the study of biology, chemistry, and medicine, that is concerned with study of harmful; effects of...

Adaptation of the Fennec Fox to the Desert

How the fennec fox (Vulpes zedra) has adapted to the desert environment. The fennec fox is the smallest member...

How is Homeostasis Maintained?

We all know that homeostasis maintenance is critical to the survival of the human body. The human body can survive major conditions from freezing...

Defence Against Pathogenic Organisms

1. Defined in the dictionary as ‘a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease. Which can then be divided into different categories, - bacterium,...

How Do Abiotic Factors Influence the Rate of Photosynthesis?

  I. Background Research Photosynthesis is the process in which green plants, algae and cyanobacteria use the energy of sunlight to form carbohydrates from...

Co-ordination and Control of the Excretory System

Homeostasis, Co-ordination and Control and the Excretory system. Homeostasis is when a living being keeps control of the internal bodily conditions...

Genetic Variation of Taste Receptors

Abstract: The people have different behaviour to choose the food, and there are many factors that affect the food choices. The best significant factor to...

Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Status in Menstrual Cycle

Evaluation of oxidative stress and antioxidant status during normal menstrual cycle Abstract: Background & Objectives: Oxidative stress has been investigated to explain various physiological as well...